Cocaine is an illicit drug that is made from the coca plant. It is a stimulant drug, which means that it speeds up the activities of the central nervous system. Below are some of the additional facts that you need to know about cocaine:
There Are Different Forms Of Cocaine
Cocaine hydrochloride, freebase cocaine, and crack cocaine are the different forms of this drug. Cocaine hydrochloride is the most commonly-used type. It is either injected or snorted. Freebase cocaine is a form of cocaine that has been changed chemically. It is smoked. Crack cocaine is a form of freebase cocaine that is sold in the form of rocks or crystals. It is smoked also.
Cocaine is One of The Most Widely Used Illicit Drugs
It is estimated that 25 percent of people who are between the ages of 26 and 34 have tried cocaine at least once. Cocaine is the cause of half of drug-related ER visits. Marijuana is the only illicit drug that is used more than cocaine.
Young People are More Likely to Use Cocaine
Most of the people who use cocaine on a regular basis are between the ages of 18 and 25. Many people start using cocaine before they even enter high school. Thirty-four million Americans have tried cocaine at least once. Nearly 15 percent of these users are under the age of 12. Every day, 5,000 new people experiment with cocaine.
People Who Use Other Drugs are More Likely to Use Cocaine
Studies have shown that people who use cigarettes, alcohol and marijuana are more likely to use cocaine. In fact, studies have shown that 90 percent of cocaine users have tried cigarettes, alcohol or marijuana prior to using cocaine.
There are Several Factors That Affect the Way the Body Reacts to Cocaine
Cocaine can affect people differently. The amount of cocaine used, the form of cocaine that one uses, weight, height, mood, overall health, and past experimentation with cocaine are some of the factors that affect the way the body reacts to the drug. Additionally, many people use cocaine along with other drugs, and that can also affect the way that their bodies react to cocaine.
There are Both Short-Term and Long-Term Effects With Using Cocaine
The short-term effects of cocaine can last anywhere from a few minutes to a couple of hours. Some of those effects may include rapid heartbeat, increased body temperature, dilated pupils, and increased aggression. People who take large amounts of cocaine may experience headaches, chest pain, convulsions, and heart attack.
Long-term cocaine use can lead to dependence, relationship problems and money problems. The way that one uses cocaine could also cause problems. For example, a person who snorts cocaine may begin to experience frequent nosebleeds, nose damage and sinus problems. Injecting cocaine can cause one to develop collapsed veins. People who share drug needles are at an increased risk for developing hepatitis B, C and HIV. Smoking crack cocaine can lead to lung damage and respiratory problems.
Cocaine Overdose Can be Deadly
Anyone can overdose on cocaine, and this can be very dangerous. Irregular heartbeat, heart attack, brain bleeding, heart failure, breathing problems and death are some of the possible effects of a cocaine overdose. Keep in mind that some people only need to use a small amount before they have an overdose.
Cocaine Use During Pregnancy Can be Dangerous
A mother who uses cocaine during pregnancy is more likely to have complications. They are at an increased risk of suffering a miscarriage or delivering the baby too early. Babies born to mothers who use cocaine during their pregnancy also weigh less and may experience withdrawal experience. However, it is important to note that little is known about the long-term effects that cocaine has on a growing child. In 1988, there were 300,000 babies born addicted to cocaine.
There is a Difference Between Being Tolerant or Dependent on Cocaine
The terms tolerant and dependent are often used interchangeably, but it is important to realize that they are not the same thing. A person can be tolerant of cocaine without being dependent on it. Tolerant simply means that a person needs to use more of the drug in order to experience the same effects.
If a person is dependent on cocaine, then he or she needs it to function normally. People who are dependent on cocaine will experience withdrawal symptoms if they try to stop using the drug. Some of those symptoms include intense craving for the drug, feeling upset or angry, muscle pain, vomiting, shaking, and fatigue. People who withdraw from cocaine may fall into a deep depression and have thoughts of killing themselves.
Using Cocaine Could Get a Person Into Trouble With the Law
It is illegal to sell or possess cocaine in the United States. People who are caught with cocaine could be required to pay a fine or go to jail.
Cocaine is a Highly-Addictive Drug
Many people who try cocaine only intend to use it one time. However, most people find it very difficult to stop using this drug. Seventy-five percent of people who try cocaine will become addicted to it.
Many Workers Use Cocaine While They are on the Job
The media often portrays drug-users as lazy people who do not want to work. On the contrary, many people hold down jobs while they are using cocaine. In fact, 10 percent of workers know someone who uses cocaine while they are on the job.
Driving After Using Cocaine Can be Dangerous
Many people feel more confident when they drive after they use cocaine. However, this can be very dangerous. People who use cocaine are more likely to get into accidents because this drug impairs motor skills, judgment, and reaction time. If a person injures or kills someone in an accident, then he or she could also be sentenced to life in prison.
Professional Drug Treatment is Usually Needed to Help a Person Quit
Because cocaine is an addictive drug, most people will not be able to quit without professional help. Only 25 percent of cocaine users will be able to quit without professional drug treatment. If one of your family members and friends is using cocaine, then you should encourage him or her to get professional help. Many people who have received inpatient treatment for their cocaine addiction have been able to live very successful lives.